Perhaps we can call titanium a smart material species! Titanium is hard, hardly stainless steel, because this material is used extensively in the industry, even in some cases replacing steel. In many cases in the industry, aluminum can not be used, because the aluminum hardness is low and does not have the desired endurance.
Titanium is also lightweight. The density of titanium is 4. 51 g per cubic centimeter, almost half the density of 7.85 grams of steel per cubic meter. For this reason, this material is used in the aerospace industry.
Titanium is also resistant to corrosion. Perhaps we can say that titanium materials do not come up with corrosion over their lifetime! Therefore, they are used to protect the surfaces of objects and devices against corrosion. For example, the pipelines in the oil and petrochemical industries benefit from this material.
Titanium has a natural memory. When you produce a product using a nickel-titanium alloy in certain conditions, whatever the shape and mode of the alloy change, returns to its original state by returning to the initial condition.
Titanium is environmentally compatible. Titanium is also used in some branches of medicine, and there are standards in this area. ASTM-F67 standard for titanium and ASTM-F136 standard for titanium alloys.
Due to the titanium light weight, high stamina, stunning beauty and high titanium formability compared to other materials, the department of architecture and the premium facade of the bands decided to produce a titanium composite sheet for the facade of the building so building architects and engineers benefit from This material will benefit.
In fact, the most important application of titanium in the industry. Titanium has different grades, grades 1, 2, 3 and 4. These grades are titanium commercial grades. We use premium grades of titanium and its alloys in premium bands, and grades 1 and 2 are most often used.
Currently, there are various titanium alloys available. Currently, the Gr5: Ti-6Al-4V alloy, which contains 90% titanium, 6% aluminum and 4% vanadium, is more popular than other alloys.
This titanium alloy is much harder than other titanium commercial grades. Pure titanium is more versatile than titanium alloys and is more suitable for titanium composite panels.